Devotional # 208. 1 Timothy 6:11-21

Devotional # 208. 9/24/16. 1 Timothy 6:11-21.

Intro. It’s been exactly 4 years to the day since I started sending these Devotionals! My heart behind starting these was from the first time we did English camps in Hungary. I wanted to continue giving Bible studies to the Hungarian kids from the camps so I got their email addresses and went through the gospels. It grew into me emailing it to Americans also. This has been a great blessing for me to write and I’ve heard good feedback from a few of you also. But for the last couple of years God has put writing a book on my heart. My wife has been reading the book The Best Yes by Lysa TerKeurst, which talks about how we often say “yes” to requests when we should say “no” or we chose the wrong option of “yes” for our “yes.” The point is that I’ve been stretched thin with personal, church and writing responsibilities. Although this weekly Devotional is blessed by God, I’ve been called to say “the best yes” is focusing on writing a book and stopping the regular Devotionals. I will still post several specific Devotionals in the future.

In today’s reading we’ll look at the holiness of Jesus and how we should continually share that with others. Fittingly, we’re encouraged to stay the course and confess Jesus, even if  He changes our ministry. We’re finishing out the chapter and the book today.

vv. 11-13. Confession of the Eternal

Paul exhorts Christians to “flee these things.” This doesn’t mean we try and combat them, it means to run away from them. To the best of our ability, like Joseph running from Potiphar’s wife (Genesis 39:12), we need to retreat. As always, Paul gives us a list of the things to pursue: “righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, gentleness” (v. 11). Paul continues by telling us to “fight the good fight.” We’ve talked about the “Armor of God” (Ephesians 6:11-18, Devotional # 119) and something very similar to this in Philippians 3:13-14 (Devotional # 134) where there was the idea of “fight the good fight” along with enduring for the “prize” (as we’ll see next with laying “hold on eternal life”).

What does Paul mean by “lay hold on eternal life”? If we’re already Christians don’t we already have eternal life? Yes, but this is a little different; instead of having our head buried in the earthly “love of money”, it should be high in the heavenly mindset. It is probable that this is referring to “The Imperishable Crown” also known as the “Victor’s Crown” (Source 1), for more on the Six Crowns of the believer see Devotional # 136. If we are to release and run from sin, then we are to pursue and grab ahold of “eternal life.”

Paul tells us to “hold” to what we were “called” and continue to confess it in front of “many witnesses” (v. 12). Paul urges these Christians to commit to these things before God the Father (“God”) and God the Son (“Jesus Christ”). He then reminds us that Jesus was faithful to witness in front of Pilate (v. 13) as we should be faithful in front of whoever we’re given an opportunity.

vv. 14-16. The Awesomeness of Jesus Christ

We’re to keep this “commandment” until the Rapture (“Jesus Christ’s appearing”). I love that Paul focuses our attention on God’s timing being different than our own. Often we want things to happen “right now” but Jesus’ timing is always best. Jesus will “appear” and rapture the Church which will happen in Jesus’ own time and at that point we no longer need to work at keeping the commandment of witnessing about Jesus. The awesome thing, as we read in Revelation, is that we get to keep witnessing about Jesus but were doing it fully on His power and not our own. As Paul shares this he begins a spontaneous doxology. He shares Jesus is “the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings and Lord of lords, who alone has immortality, dwelling in unapproachable light, whom no man has seen or can see, to whom be honor and everlasting power” (vv. 15-16). What a beautiful encapsulation of who Jesus is! Yet again, the Bible reminds us of how much greater He is than us. What a vast chasm there is between God the Son and us. And yet, as we look at what a few of these words and phrases mean, we also see how humble He is to have met us where we are and be called our Brother (Romans 8:29, etc.).

We’ll look at the words/phrases: 1. “only Potentate”, 2. “dwelling in unapproachable light” and 3. “whom no man has seen or can see.”

  1. only Potentate” means “Sovereign” and in Greek means “might” and “power” (Source 2). The NIV translates it as “only Ruler.” So this has the same emphasis as the phrases directly after this (“King of kings and Lord of lords”).
  2. dwelling in unapproachable light” is a great description and reminds me of 1 John 1:5 where we’re told that “God is light and in Him is no darkness at all.” Light reveals the truth of a matter, illuminating secrets and shadows. But the kind of “light” that Jesus is, is unparalleled. I think of our Sun, the greatest source of light for our planet; but I can’t approach it and live. In the same way God (who is even greater, having created the Sun) can’t be approached without annihilating that person. But if Jesus is that “truth-light” and lived on earth for 33 years how can He be “unapproachable”? Let’s look at the next phrased for that answer.
  3. whom no man has seen or can see” is an interesting phrase. A Jehovah’s Witness friend once quoted John 1:18 to me which says, “no one has seen God at any time.” He used this to tell me that since people had seen Jesus and no one has seen God then Jesus couldn’t be God. The problem is that his first premise was falsely based upon his understanding of the word “seen.” I don’t blame Him, many of us, when first reading this might look at it similarly. However, we have to remember that to have a proper understanding of Scripture we have to look at all of Scripture instead of just picking half a verse to prove a point. For example Exodus 33:20 tells us no one can see God’s face and live, and we read 1 Timothy 1:17 that said God is “invisible” (see Devotional # 195). At the same time Jacob saw God (Genesis 32:30) and Moses saw God (Exodus 33:11). So there must be a difference in how we understand “seeing God.” Most simply it comes down to how much of God we’re allowed to see. No one has seen all of God’s glory, but many people have seen a protected, safer form of God. Going back to the John 1:18 statement that “no one has seen God at any time” and reconciling that with seeing Jesus, Matthew Henry brings up four points: 1. “The nature of God is spiritual” therefore man can’t see Him with human eyes but we can see Him with faith (Heb. 11:27), 2. In the OT when God ‘showed’ Himself it was imperfect compared to making Himself known in “the incarnation of Christ”, 3. The Old Testament prophets were not as qualified as Christ “to make known the mind and will of God”, 4. Christ must be heeded since He “knew more of [God’s] mind than anyone else ever did” (Source 3).

We started this section with descriptions like “Potentate” and “King of kings” and finished with “unapproachable light” and that “no man has seen or can see” Him. This last phrase of “whom no man has seen or can see” is a fitting conclusion to the ideas of how awesome Jesus, God the Son, is. It then makes sense that Paul completes this verse that Jesus deserves all “honor and everlasting power.” Wasn’t that Paul’s point in verses 12-13 on why we should witness to others? So how do we give all glory to Jesus? There are many ways and sometimes we have our own personal ways of doing that. One is to read Jesus’ words, feel convicted and obey them. Another is to recognize Him for who He is completely. You can tell a cult that calls itself “Christian” by their denial of Jesus’ complete deity (being God). Why is Jesus’ godship such a controversy? Because if He is not fully God then we don’t have to fully obey Him or give Him all “honor” and worship. Lastly, another way to give all glory to Jesus is by making Him Lord of your life. If He isn’t sitting on the throne of your heart, governing every aspect of your life, then He doesn’t have all “honor.”

vv. 17-19. Sharing Riches

I talked about this greed being a characteristic of a false teacher two weeks ago in 1 Timothy 6:1-5 (Devotional # 206) and this is a continuation of what we read in 1 Timothy 6:6-10 (Devotional # 207), specifically vv. 9-10. There we were reminded to be content that our base needs are taken care of by God, and that dependence on worldly riches will end in disappointment and failure. Here, Paul commands that the wealthy not trust in those riches but in spiritual riches (v. 17). How do they do this? By doing “good works” (remember these are “proving works”, not “striving works” – see my St. Patrick’s Day Devotional for more). When the Holy Spirit convicts us to get our minds off ourselves and serve others we become content and spiritually rich! Remember in Matthew 6:19-21 when Jesus told us all of this world’s wealth will be lost but we have a savings account in heaven.

Ravi Zacharias tells the true story of a man who is on the top 10 wealthiest people in the world list. He came to faith in Jesus when he realized he had everything the world had to offer but was still empty inside. Zacharias uses this man’s simple faith to illustrate Jesus’ explanation that it is easier for a camel to fit through the eye of a needle than for the rich to get into heaven (Matthew 19:24, Source 4). These “good works” of sharing God’s blessing with others, giving hope to the hopeless, will be “a good foundation” for “eternal life.” This is what I’ve been telling you! This life is a training ground for us to learn about Jesus and share Him with everyone!

vv. 20-21. Staying the Course

Paul choses an interesting way to end the book and chapter (although originally the letter didn’t have chapter demarcations). He encourages Timothy to be faithful to work on what had been committed to him. This was more than just punching a time clock in ministry to the Lord; God had specifically called Timothy (2 Timothy 4:5) to his ministry. In the same way God has called each of us to specific ministries. Often this isn’t a calling to be a pastor or missionary to Africa, instead it’s to be faithful to proclaim Jesus at your work, or in your neighborhood or with family. We may be called to something specific for 6 months and move to another thing, or 60 years of the same thing. But we can’t let anything (in Timothy’s case it was fabricated “knowledge”) deter us from what God has called us to do.

Conclusion. I want to be faithful in what I’ve been called to do. And I want you to be faithful to your calling. For me I feel like it’s time to stop these weekly Devotionals and focus on the book. I will continue to send the special Election Devotionals each month and I hope you continue reading the Bible and having daily devotions on your own. This week’s teachings in our confession of the eternal, the awesomeness and the rightful worship of Jesus, recognizing our spiritual riches and sharing them and staying the course of our Christian walk is a great way to finish these regular Devotionals. Remember, do not stray “concerning the faith.” Stay rooted and grounded in the Lord and He will give you the strength to continue the ministry He has given you. “Grace be with you. Amen.”



Source 1: A.R. Fausset,

Source 2: dynastes

Source 3: Matthew Henry,

Source 4: Ravi Zacharias, Jesus Among Other Gods, Thomas Nelson, 2012-01-09, iBooks, pp. 154-158.

Devotional # 207. 1 Timothy 6:6-10

Devotional # 207. 9/18/16. 1 Timothy 6:6-10.

Intro. Everyone is searching for happiness (actually they mean “contentment”). This week we will be solely focused on what “contentment” and “godliness” for the Christian looks like.

vv. 6-10. Godliness with Contentment

We come to a very famous verse, “now godliness with contentment is great gain.” We’ve been covering the first part of the equation – “godliness” – through this whole book of 1 Timothy (not to mention elsewhere like Devotional # 201). Think about what Paul has told us in 1 Timothy from the beginning where he confessed prior sins but how Jesus transformed his life (1 Timothy 1:12-17, Devotional # 195). From there how his heart was to see every Christian live a godly life, calling them out when they’re wrong, exhorting when they’re doing well. This bring us to the second part of this equation – “contentment” – which Paul will spend the rest of this section talking about.

First, we see that there can be “godliness withOUT contentment.” In other words we can infer that its possible to be godly but not fully content. And we know that it’s impossible to be truly content without God. Sure, there can be joy in sin (Hebrews 11:25) but ultimately it won’t last (Luke 15:13-15).

Second, we’re given the truthful context of our lives. We come into this world with nothing and we leave with nothing (v. 7). The implication is that God took care of us on either side of our earthly life and we controlled nothing (reminiscent of Job 1:21). So while on earth what makes us think we control anything? As rich as your family is or as poor as your family is your basic needs are covered by God (v. 8). Paul gives us the first part of contentment: that we receive the goodness of God providing “food and clothing” with humility. What happens when we ignore that fact?

Thirdly, ignoring that our basic needs are taken care of can lead to the “desire to be rich.” The simplest definition of “riches” is having more of something than others. Our sin nature isn’t satisfied at having enough, it always wants more: a better house, a faster car, a new wife, etc. But all of us have seen others, and experienced it ourselves, the “desire to be rich” makes us “fall into temptation” and “lusts” which end up “drowning” us in “destruction” (v. 9).

As we move into verse 10, let’s consider that there are two types of kids: one finds $5 on the ground and buys ice cream, the other puts it in savings. One can end up with a tummy ache and the other can end up greedy. Both of those kids will grow into adults and have experiences and molding and run-ins with God. There are two types of adults: one gets a bonus and buys a 200” TV; the other gets a bonus and saves it. Both of these can end poorly. For example, the first, has the TV fall while setting it up which breaks his leg. The second, saves the money under the mattress (having gotten cynical about the banking system) and is robbed. Of course these are sarcastic generalities but the point is made – just because you get some money doesn’t mean it should go to your own desires.

These two categories are seen everywhere: spend or save.  There’s nothing wrong with either – in moderation. I’ve heard lower/middle class Christians complain about not having more money but every time they get $10 they blow it. Why would God bless you with more if you can’t handle a little (and don’t give me the, ‘Well, if I had more I wouldn’t blow it’ excuse)? And I’ve seen other Christians who are wealthy but they spend it on themselves (the old, ‘it’s my money, I earned it’ excuse). Sadly, both of these groups of people are never truly “content” (or, dare I say, godly).

This sums up the next famous verse in this section: “the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil.” Jesus told us something similar to this in Matthew 6:24 and Luke 16:13 (mentioned in Devotional #26 and Devotional # 59). As always, we must not misquote this as, “money is a root of all kinds of evil.” But it is the “love of money.” I was wondering which of the four Greek words for “love” Paul uses here. But it’s actually philargyria which, in the whole Bible, is only used here and is translated as “love of money” (Source 1). Since that doesn’t give us much looking at the root (philargyros) can help. It means being “covetous” as used in Luke 16:14 and 2 Timothy 3:2 (Source 2). So being driven by a desire for money that is not yours is a root of all kinds of evil. Last week we talked about symptoms, problems and root causes (Devotional # 206). Fausset is careful to note that the English translation “the root” should be “a root” of all evil. The point is that money “is not the sole root of evils, but it is a leading ‘root of bitterness’ (Hebrews 12:15), for ‘it destroys faith, the root of all that is good’” (Source 3).

Unfortunately this isn’t only applying to non-Christians but Paul is specifically speaking to the Christians in Ephesus. Those Christians were no different than we are today. In the United States we grow up with the consumer mentality. What I believe is different from back then is how widespread it is nowadays. Not only are new churches feeding into this all the time but even the established churches have switched to this mentality. We will spend a little more time on this next week with verses 17-19.

Therefore, the mix for the perfect earthly life (godly and content) will truthfully be “great gain” and only achievable for a Christian. As always, I have to be the downer and mention that problems and persecution will still happen but the good news is that the content Christian will take it all in stride and recognize God’s faithfulness.


In today’s reading we focused on the fact that “godliness with contentment is great gain.” We recognized: 1. The implication is that there can be “godliness withOUT contentment” (v. 6), 2. That we come into, and leave, this life with no earthly possession but God always provides for our basic needs (vv. 7-8), 3. If we don’t humbly and thankfully acknowledge God’s provision we’ll strive after riches which will be dissatisfying (v. 9), 4. There are two types of people: spend or save, and how if those aren’t kept in moderation then you won’t be content (v. 9), 5. How “the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil” which feeds bitterness and destroys faith (v. 10), 6. How pervasive this is in the American church today.

So what can we do about it? We can note the warning signs in our own lives and in the lives of others. We can take action, through reading the Bible and prayer, training ourselves to desire the Word of God over the dying and corroding new gadgets and possessions that clamor for our attention every day. Next week we’ll talk about fleeing the sins that keep us discontented.



Source 1: philargyria,

Source 2: philargyros,

Source 3: A. R. Fausset, partly quoting Bengel,

Devotional # 206. 1 Timothy 6:1-5

Devotional # 206. 9/12/16. 1 Timothy 6:1-5.

Intro. Last week we talked about how to take care of pastors, being impartial, drinking wine for illness and wisdom when considering pastoral candidates. From the beginning of this book we’ve known that it was Paul’s heart to train up Timothy, a young pastor with a problematic church (1 Timothy 1:1-2, Devotional # 192). Today we see Paul talk about bondservants and false teachers. This is like a tailor made list for you! Everyone hates slavery but knows to submit to God, everyone needs to know how to distinguish between true Bible teachers and false ones.

vv. 1-2. Bondservants and Masters

We’ve talked a bit about slavery recently (1 Timothy 1:5-11, Devotional # 194) but here Paul is specifically talking about “bondservants.” We’ve talked about that many times also (see Philippians 1:1, Devotional # 121) but if you need a reminder, a “bondservant” was someone who had been a slave but when set free decided to stay with their master. Here, Paul reminds the person who has chosen to stay with their master to submit themselves and give the honor that they deserve. As we’ll see in a minute this applies to a Christian or non-Christian master. There are two very interesting reasons for this: 1. “so that the name of God…may not be blasphemed” and 2. so that God’s “doctrine may not be blasphemed.” What is blasphemy? In Colossians 3:8 we saw it means ‘slanderous speech towards the divine majesty’ (Devotional # 160). God’s name and His doctrine is very important business and all we have to do to help keep people from slandering His name and doctrine is to make sure our attitude is right when it comes to our servitude!

Next we’re told if the master is a Christian, not to hate them even though you know everyone is equal through Jesus (notice in 1 Corinthians 12:12-14 slaves are part of the church). Instead take the opportunity to serve a godly believer because it will bless them (and you!)

You may be thinking, ‘this has nothing to do with me’, but you’re wrong. The first thought in your mind should be that you are a bondservant of Jesus (see Romans 1:1) but it can be hard to learn how to properly be a bondservant to a Savior who is not physically present. That’s why we can apply this to our work bosses or the government (see my most recent Election Devotional here. God is training us to submit to our bosses, whether Christian or non-Christian, so we can apply these things to our good and faithful Master Jesus Christ! If you want more info on this see Colossians 3:22 (Devotional # 162).

vv. 3-5. False Teachers

Notice that just prior to this, in verse 2, Paul told Timothy to “teach and exhort these things.” This is crucial to understanding why and how false teachers don’t teach and don’t exhort in the way God wants.

Here’s our list of what false teachers will do:

  1. They “teach otherwise” (to Paul’s, and the rest of the Bible’s, teachings),
  2. Does not consent to wholesome words”,
  3. Doesn’t consent to “the words of our Lord Jesus Christ”,
  4. Doesn’t consent “to the doctrine which accords with godliness.”

Everything points back to what Jesus said and put in place. A false teacher will contradict or skew Jesus’ words. If I play Devil’s Advocate here, what’s so bad about bending Jesus’ words? Maybe this person has studied a lot and have pieced together some of Jesus’ words and other religious figures words. What’s so bad about that? Or maybe their hearts are in the right place so its not really that big of a deal? Maybe Jesus’ words weren’t completely credible? Maybe we don’t have accurate copies of His words? Maybe what He said 2,000 years ago doesn’t really apply anymore?

The answer to all of these questions comes down to what kind of person would say the things on the above list? You may think I’m going to say that it’s a ‘bad person’ who would say this. Or maybe a ‘mean person’? But you’ve got it wrong…I don’t hate the false teacher, and I’m not on a witch hunt. I just see him for who he is and who is using him. And I want to apply Paul’s next words to every person who hears the false teacher. Paul tells us what kind of person the false teacher is:

  1. He is proud”,
  2. He doesn’t know anything (when it comes to real spirituality),
  3. He “is obsessed with disputes and arguments over words.”

These character traits are of a person not interested in learning lessons. There is no room here for humility or being guided by God. The outcome of these characteristics and roots of sin are:

  1. envy”,
  2. strife”,
  3. reviling”,
  4. evil suspicions”,
  5. useless wranglings” (or “constant friction”) from those lacking the truth.


My company has a problem solving technique that can be used for anything. The idea is that if you can properly state the results of the problem (“symptoms”), then you can properly state the problem which leads to properly identifying the root cause(s). But we don’t stop there, we propose solutions (or “countermeasures”) so that the problem doesn’t keep happening. Paul has done the same thing here. He stated the symptoms (teaching opposite to the words and doctrine of Jesus), the problem (envy, strife, reviling, etc.) which brought us to the root causes (the characteristics like pride, foolishness and disputing). What is the countermeasure? “From such withdraw yourself.” How do we “withdraw” from false teachers? Every situation is different but it can be as simple as no longer going to a church or confronting the teacher about your concerns. But if this continues the command is simple: to withdraw yourself. First, you must read the Bible to know if what the teacher is saying contrasts Scripture or is just different than what you’ve heard about the Bible. Second, if you do confront the teacher, or someone asks you about it, see how they react. As long as you’re not being rude, people should respond in humility and with Bible verses explaining what they meant. If it becomes about their experiences or accomplishments or education or feelings, that’s a good indicator that they’re not as interested in good exposition of the Scriptures as you are.

Conclusion. I love that Paul talked about bondservants and false teachers here. It’s such a contrast! I think the number 1 characteristic of a bondservant is humility, followed closely by servitude. Doesn’t that sound like the opposite of what we read about false teachers? Their driver is ego and their attitude is how everyone should listen unquestionably to them. Next week we’ll see “contentment” and how the opposite of that is greed and specifically a greed for wealth. This is another characteristic of a false teacher. I would rather be lead by a godly person who has been beaten down and learned to serve the Lord than an egotistical false teacher. I’m sure you would say the same. Now you’ve been equipped with how to recognize both types and how to properly react when in that situation.

Devotional # 205. 1 Timothy 5:17-25

Devotional # 205. 9/5/16. 1 Timothy 5:17-25.

Intro. Last week we spent most of the time with Paul telling Timothy how to take care of three types of widows. This week Paul teaches pastor Timothy how to take care of pastors, encourages us to be impartial, drinking wine for illness and wisdom when considering pastoral candidates.

vv. 17-20. Pastors: The Good and the Bad

Here Paul tells Timothy how to take care of pastors (“elders”): both the good and the bad. We defined pastors as those who had a position of leadership in the church, they can have gifts of counseling, being able to study the Bible, teaching others and encouragement (1 Timothy 3:1-13, Devotional # 200. Paul mentions the positive first: when these pastors are doing their job – reward them for it. Does this sounds a little weird to you? When I’m at work sometimes I hear someone congratulate another person and I think, “why did you congratulate them? They were just doing their job.” But pastors are different because they’re dealing with the spiritual realm which is infinitely different than the physical. A pastor who is fighting the good fight not against flesh and blood but instead against spiritual forces and principalities (Ephesians 6:12, Devotional # 119) is struggling and warring every day. Often the pastor who is doing his best in the trenches, is being stepped on and underappreciated by the very people he’s fighting for.

Pastors deserve “double honor.” This implies that all leaders deserve honor, which is respect for what they do, not a worship of them but a respect of representing God. So pastor-teachers deserve double of that respect because they are bringing the word to life. To an eager believer this sounds like a sweet gig and they may be tempted to push themselves into this role. But James 3:1 reminds us, “My brethren, let not many of you become teachers, knowing that we shall receive a stricter judgment.” So just as they are worthy of double honor, they will also be subjected to double judgment (we’ll talk more about this type of judgement in a minute).

Paul also gives us two Scriptures (Deuteronomy 25:4, Luke 10:7) where we’re told to compensate a worker for their work. This doesn’t only refer to paying a pastor (although that is one way of compensation). It can also mean helping them with bills or providing a house, rent free (parish). It can also mean that people can fill in for a job the pastor usually does in order to free up his time. What we can take away from this is that we should be encouraging, respecting and compensating pastor-teachers when they are doing the Lord’s work.

Now that Paul has covered the positive side he needs to address the negative side. If there is an “accusation against an elder” it needs to be backed up by two or three people who have seen what they’re being accused of. This is because there are well-meaning, and not-so-well-meaning people who want to discredit pastors and force them to either teach a certain way or step down from ministry. This is the same formula that Jesus gave in Matthew 18:15-17 when a normal church attendee is accused of sin. In this case, with pastors, if the accusation is true then it needs to be brought before the whole congregation. This is because the pastor is not above correction and there needs to be a healthy “fear” among everyone of not making the same mistake. Paul will remind us shortly not to judge too quickly (5:22).

vv. 21-22. Impartiality

With his mind still focused on the judgment of church leaders, Paul encourages Timothy on being impartial. It’s a weighty matter because he charges this in front of the first two Persons of the Trinity (“God and the Lord Jesus Christ”) as well as “angels.” These “elect angels” are the ones who didn’t follow Satan but chose God. This tells us a few things: 1. In the same way humans have been “elected” by God to be in heaven, so have the angels, 2. The angels, along with God, see everything we do on a regular basis, 3. God made it so angels and humans would be part of His eternal kingdom and since we will judge angels (1 Corinthians 6:3) we need to practice being unbiased during our training time here on earth.

As a Christian, Timothy shouldn’t be showing any prejudice but as a church leader he especially shouldn’t have any favoritism.

v. 23. Wine for Illness

Apparently Timothy had a painful health problem, here called “frequent infirmities.” Paul suggests that Timothy drink a little wine to help with the pain.

I grew up thinking that drinking any alcohol was a sin. When I was in high school I shared this incorrect view with my girlfriend who got really angry. She told me her mom had a stomach issue and the only comfort was a little wine with her meal. Not only did this teach me a valuable lesson to actually read the Bible before I claim something but also a recognition that this verse still applies today. My only concern is that her mom had more than “a little” wine each night. As MacArthur puts it, “Paul was not advocating that Timothy lower the high standard of behavior for leaders (cf. Num. 6:1-4; Prov. 31:4,5)” (Source 1).

vv. 24-25. Pastoral Sins & Good Works: Clear and Hidden

Paul drifted off to the issue of Timothy’s healthy and a temporary solution to the issue but he swings back around to behavior and judgement of that behavior. Here he states an observational fact: some people’s sins are evident to everyone and other people’s sins are secret and hidden.

What does Paul mean, “preceding them to judgement, but those of some men follow later”? It’s important for us to look at the word “judgment” here. In the original Greek it’s krisis  which has the root krima, as we’ve talked about several times (Devotional # 33 & Devotional # 92). Krima has a meaning of temporary, earthly judgment, as opposed to eternal condemnation judgment. This is speaking specifically of the evaluation process of a pastor. Some pastoral candidate’s prior sins are known and other’s sins may be hidden but will be found out about later (Numbers 32:23).

The same is mentioned of the pastoral candidates “good works.” As always we have to add the disclaimer that this isn’t in reference to the false teaching that we can get into heaven by doing any sort of good works. These are the “proving works” that show that the Holy Spirit is working through us (for more on what I call “striving vs. proving works” click here.

Therefore, wisdom when determining a pastoral candidate is to be patient and willing to accept that as time goes by more things will be revealed. Some of those things will be disappointing (“sins”) and others will be delighting (“good works”). These are things which every person does and one doesn’t necessarily outweigh the other. It just means that we must prayerfully consider God’s hand in bringing the right person to the right position at the right time.


Today’s Scripture is immensely helpful to pastors, elder boards and the general congregation’s understanding of how a biblical church should function. For those who are more interested in a personal takeaway you’ve also been given some things to prayerfully consider. How can you help your pastor? How can you support and compensate your pastor? Is your church doing what it should be doing? How can you be showing impartiality? Can you encourage someone in this area? If you or a friend are having health issues could a little wine help? You should consult a doctor about this and how can you make sure you don’t become an alcoholic in the process? What steps were taken to vet your pastor (you’re not on a witch hunt but your pastor’s experience might be an encouragement for you)? Do you feel called to be a pastor-teacher? Does a friend or family member? How does God hold people accountable for their thoughts and actions? How can you be walking in His way in order to prayerfully consider these things?

Notice that most of these questions address your need to help others. As always when we seek to help others we get our mind off ourselves and start truly serving and feeling rewarded for simply doing what Jesus commanded us to do.



Source 1: John MacArthur, The MacArthur Study Bible, p. 1870.

Devotional # 204. 1 Timothy 5:1-16

Devotional # 204. 8/29/16. 1 Timothy 5:1-16.

Intro. Last week Paul exhorted Timothy in things he should do specifically pertaining to his situation, but they were also beneficial for us to apply to our lives. Today we’ll be briefly studying how to exhort people in the church, but the majority of the Scripture is focused on three types of widows. I love how God provides for widows and we can apply this to our lives since we all are either related to or know a widow. Probably the most applicable are our mom’s, mother-in-law’s and grandmothers who need to be taken care of. Let’s read to find what our mindset and godly attitude should be!

vv. 1-2. Respect for others. In the same way that Timothy was not supposed to allow others to despise him for his youth (1 Timothy 4:12, Devotional # 203) he was not supposed to despise or act disrespectfully towards others in the church. The idea of the church being a family is brought out by Paul here. In the same way we’re to honor our mothers and fathers (Exodus 20:12; Ephesians 6:1, Devotional # 111) we’re to honor the older men “as a father” and elderly ladies “as mothers.” The same with younger men and women and the point of all of this is to make sure you don’t shame the body of Christ but instead build them up. Sometimes younger people have more common sense and wisdom then their elders, so are they supposed to despise them or not share that God-given wisdom? No, they are to exhort them and encourage them. How? In all love and “all purity”, not with ulterior motives or a prideful, demeaning heart.

vv. 3-8. True widows. Apparently the church in Ephesus had an issue with ladies impostering widows in order to be taken care of. So Paul gives Timothy a litmus test to check that the widows receiving church support truly needed it. These are great standards for us to live by today. How do we know where resources should go? In my mind the worse thing would be to support someone who was being lazy or a scam artist while someone truly in need was turned away. So Paul says if they have family let the family take care of them. Not only will this benefit the elderly lady but it will give the family godly life-skills (v. 4), not to mention lessen the burden on the church. Paul finishes this section condemning the family that calls themselves Christians, knowing what to do, but not doing it (v. 8). I have several friends who have to sacrifice for their mom or mother-in-law living with them or having to pay for a retirement home. The true Christian recognizes that God will help them take on this burden and will grow them through this time.

If the widow doesn’t have family and desires to be taken care of she needs to do two things. 1. “trust in God”, and 2. “continue in supplications and prayers night and day” (v. 5). Receiving support from the church should be free from monetary cost but that doesn’t mean the widow doesn’t have any responsibility to the Lord. These two requirements can be done anywhere at any time, but I find it interesting because they’re not really something that can just be started the day the widow starts receiving help from the church. It seems rather that Paul is telling Timothy to take care of the widows who have been faithful to the Lord, having “trusted in Him” and “supplicated” and “prayed” to Him in the past (for a reminder on supplication and prayer see Devotional # 197 from 1 Timothy 2:1-2). This is such an important requirement that Paul tells Timothy to command them to do these things (v. 7). Remember last week when we talked about the need for commands (Devotional # 203).

vv. 9-10. 60+ year old widows. These verses mark a new section; Paul isn’t talking about the general widows from verses 3-8 anymore. Now he’s talking about a separate group of elderly ladies, similar although separate from deaconesses (which traditionally started the ministry at 40 years old and had all kinds of ladies among them including virgins and widows). This special group of 60+ year old ladies would have “ministered with sympathizing counsel to other widows and to orphans” as well as “general supervision over ladies” as seen in Acts 9:41 (Source 1) . The idea here is that a person desiring to serve in the church needs to be tested that they understand the responsibility and that they are trustworthy and dependable. Fausset spends a good amount of time describing this (although maybe a bit confusing) if you would like to read more see Source 1.

vv. 11-16. Young widows. Paul now focuses on another group: “young widows.” It’s important to understand Paul had experience with this type of situation so he wasn’t being mean, just honest and doing what’s best for everyone involved. Experience had shown Paul that typically ladies who had been widowed while still young had a natural desire for camaraderie so most of the time they would want to get re-married (v. 11). It doesn’t make sense to expect them to take on responsibilities that weren’t right for them but, on the other hand, they also shouldn’t be allowed to run wild (vv. 13, 15). Instead, giving them time to see if their heart desires marriage and raising a family, that is wise. David Guzik explains, “Paul is not condemning any young widow’s desire for romantic companionship; but he insists that it be pursued and expressed in the purity that befits all believers” (Source 2). For the fourth time in this passage (vv. 4, 5, 8) Paul reminds us that if the widow has family they should take care of them.

Conclusion. We learned a lot today about a rarely taught subject of how to help widows. God’s great practices of distinguishing between needy, “true widows” and scammers, and how to provide for what type of person you’re helping is very informative.

Prayer. Lord, help us to get our eyes off ourselves and to focus on the elderly who need our help. We pray that we would have Your loving and compassionate heart towards those truly in need. We pray that You would be pleased with the beautiful women who have served You and continue to serve You. Please bless them and help us provide for them as You provide for us. Amen.



Source 1: A.R. Fausset, Jamieson, Fausset & Brown,

Source 2: David Guzik,

Devotional # 203. 1 Timothy 4:7-16

Devotional # 203. 8/22/16. 1 Timothy 4:7-16.


Intro. The last few weeks we’ve looked at requirements for leadership in the church and also how to recognize false religious leaders infecting the Church. This week the text is focused on Paul encouraging Timothy in what he needs to be doing personally. This is beneficial for us because it gives us insight into Paul and Timothy but into our own lives as well. The first section (vv. 7-11) will teach us about godliness and the second half (vv. 12-16) teaches us, in four main categories, how to grow spiritually which will in turn help others to grow.

4:7-11. Godliness.

v. 7. In verse 6 we’re told that being “nourished in the words of faith and of the good doctrine which you have carefully followed” is important. So we know what to apply but what do we reject? We reject profane stories and “old wives fables.” These would be old religious myths and gossip. If someone tells you the Bible isn’t the word of God or that it’s been corrupted you should reject that. In the same way “old wives fables”, which are from the stereotype that elderly ladies sit around and gossip, should be rejected. There is nothing more captivating than hearing juicy news that no one else knows, but allowing that news to take over your mind and sharing it with others should be rejected with self-control.

Instead we’re told to exercise “godliness.” A month ago I started a Rookie hockey league and in preparation I started exercising. I jog, do push-ups and curls. I have a game once a week but if I train throughout the week I’ve found I’m stronger for the game and less sore afterwards. Exercise in the spiritual life is the same. Each week we have “games” and the more I exercise the better prepared I am for those battles.

v. 8. Paul told us in verse 7 that spiritual exercise will produce greater “godliness.” As we were directed to “lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and reverence” (1 Timothy 2:1-2, Devotional # 197) we recognize “godliness” is important. But how do we really define “godliness”? “The New Testament word for godliness, in its original meaning, conveys the idea of it, a personal attitude toward God that results in actions that are pleasing to him. This personal attitude toward God is what we call devotion to God” (Source 1). Our attitude towards God results in actions that please Him, and this doesn’t mean we’re just a good person or that we feel happy at worship in our church. Our attitude is our mindset which is transformed by God and we live that change in our life by doing the actions that the Holy Spirit convicts us of.

Paul wisely tells us that physical exercise is beneficial in a small part of our life but godliness is beneficial in all parts. Often we see someone who is physically fit or really ripped and admire them but really that’s a small piece of our life’s puzzle. But we practice godliness “having promise of the life that now is and of that which is to come.” As Christians, living godly lives profits our current life but it also profits our eternal lives. Why do you think that is? Because life on earth is just practice for our eternity in heaven. I think many believers don’t realize that they will grow spiritually in heaven (read “The Truth About Heaven” article). So it follows that the more God teaches us on earth the further ahead we’ll be in heaven. Not that it’s a competition, instead if we stop being stubborn when God is trying to grow us then the better off we’ll be here on earth but, more importantly, in heaven.

vv. 9-11. The understanding that we must practice godliness and that it will be beneficial here and in heaven is a “faithful saying and worthy of all acceptance.” We shouldn’t just believe this in our head (intellect) but we need to allow it to trickle down to our heart where it is established as a truth to fall back on in the darkest times.

Because these things are true we Christians face persecution and difficulty. Why? Why does godliness produce such hatred and difficulty? Because Satan hates a godly attitude in action. If a person reads their Bible and goes to church but doesn’t have a heart change that’s exactly where Satan wants you. Apathy = working for Satan. If you don’t like the idea of punching a timeclock for the Devil than pay attention to what God tells us. We “labor and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God.” The true Christian will suffer. But what is our foundation? The “living God”! We don’t serve an imaginary god, we serve the “living God”. God is “the Savior of all men [and women]”; Jesus Christ was not killed on the cross just to rot in a grave, instead He died on the cross to rise from the dead. This is the truth that has changed our attitude into action, the truth that we get to share with others. Why does Paul tell us to “command and teach” these things? Teaching these things makes sense – I’m doing that right now! But why “command” them? Because just like it’s easier to be an apathetic couch potato and to gossip then to live for the living God, we need to be commanded to do these things since suggestions rarely work. Do you know why the Hebrews wandered the wilderness for 40 years? Sure, because of disobedience but in reality it’s so much more than that. After seeing plagues and such a great salvation out of Egypt how was it that the Hebrews complained to go back for food (Numbers 11:5) worshipped a golden calf (Exodus 32) and rejected God’s leadership (Numbers 16:32)? Because they had too much “Egypt” still in their hearts. They needed commandments (Exodus 20). Going through trials and persecutions produces an attitude change into godly action (godliness)!! I need to be taught, reminded and commanded to do this, how about you?

4:12-16. The Individual’s Work Affecting Others.

Here Paul gives specific exhortation to Timothy, but we can also learn from it. First, Timothy was told to stand up for himself even though he was young (v. 12). Second, he was told what to give attention to (v. 13). Third, not to neglect his “gift” (v. 14). Lastly, Timothy is reminded to continue and progress (vv. 15-16).

v. 12. I love this verse where Paul tells Timothy not to let anyone despise his youth. When I was a young man starting to preach, my mentor pastor told me don’t let anyone despise your youth, just keep learning and preaching. Sometimes, older generations think they are encouraging younger generations by correcting them and telling them how they should speak or what they should think. But if it’s without love, it profits nothing (1 Corinthians 13:3). I know how demoralizing it is to be corrected in that way. But I’ve also experienced loving correction and encouragement and that’s an awesome experience! Did you know Charles Spurgeon was 17 years old when he became the pastor of a church? Can you imagine the people that looked down on him for his age? Often people have pride because they think “the young” haven’t been through the experiences that really cause a person to grow and understand the Bible. I can definitely understand that, and I have those same thoughts myself…but it’s all in how you communicate that. God can speak through a donkey (Numbers 22:28), so he can speak through a young person. Especially a young person who shows a godly attitude and desire to serve the Lord (“an example to believers in word, in conduct, in love, in spirit, in faith, in purity”)! We should be encouraging the young or else we’ll run out of teachers and the church will die.

vv. 13-14. In this part Paul gives Timothy two main things to consider: what to do and what not to do. He is supposed to read, exhort and study doctrine. These should certainly characterize any shepherd’s daily tasks. Speaking from experience God gives certain people the inner drive to read and study the Bible for hours in order to exhort others. He also gives some the gift of exhortation. All Christians are supposed to do these three things (“reading, exhortation, doctrine”), but this is different from the command Paul is giving Timothy (and other pastors with similar gifts) here. See Devotional 104 on Ephesians 4:7-16 for how spiritual gifts are different from the general requirements by the same names. We’ve seen Paul remind Timothy that there were prophesies about him earlier (1 Timothy 1:18, Devotional # 196). Regardless of our spiritual gift(s), we should not neglect them. I don’t believe that because Paul mentioned this, it automatically implies that Timothy was neglecting his gift(s), instead I believe anyone can fall into the trap of neglecting their gifts. Why? Because it can be hard work to “work out” spiritual gifts and because, as we said earlier, Satan loves to get in the way of godliness. But be encouraged, the Holy Spirit will always help you exercise your gifts.

vv. 15-16. Finally, Paul tells Timothy to “meditate on these things” and to give himself “entirely to them.” What “things” should Timothy “meditate” on? I think it’s everything in all four of these major categories of verses 12-16. If he gives himself over to being an example “in word, in conduct, in love, in spirit, in faith, in purity” and “reading, exhortation, doctrine”, etc. then he will influence the people of the church in a positive way. Here in verse 15 Paul reminds Timothy that if he does “meditate” and devote himself to these things everyone will see his progress. Why would Paul say that, considering he’s always telling us not to worry about what others think? For two reasons: 1. The purpose of this letter (the book of 1 Timothy) is to instruct Timothy on how to get the Ephesian church back in order (see Devotional # 192, 1 Timothy 1:1-2 for more); 2. because Timothy had been chastised for being too young to teach (v. 12). So it makes sense that Paul would tell Timothy to do things that would benefit him spiritually and show his detractors what kind of man he was while growing them into the Christians they were meant to be (v. 16).

Conclusion. We should be encouraged to pursue godliness, which is our attitude towards God resulting in actions that please Him. We should also stand up for ourselves if we’re young and doing God’s work. That work is what we give attention to while not neglecting our gifts. We are reminded to push forward and progress for our own edification and for the growth of others.



Source 1: Jerry Bridges, “What is Godliness?”, Nav Press,

Devotional # 202. 1 Timothy 4:1-6

Devotional # 202. 8/15/16. 1 Timothy 4:1-6.


Intro. Two weeks ago we talked about the requirements for leadership in the church (1 Timothy 3:1-13, Devotional #200), then last week we read that the Church is not ours, but it’s God’s (1 Timothy 3:14-16, Devotional #201). This is important because today we’re going to look at false religious leaders infecting the Church. How do we know what is right and wrong?

vv. 1-3. Religious Leaders Misleading.

The focus is on those calling themselves Christians, especially leaders, we know this because they “will depart from the faith” (v. 1), lie “in hypocrisy” (v. 2) and are contrasted against “a good minister” (v. 6). We see that the Holy “Spirit expressly says” these things. We take comfort in knowing that God the Holy Spirit knows everything; that He has prophesized that religious leaders will teach false doctrine as 2 Peter 3:3 also tells us. In fact Paul will elaborate on this more in 2 Timothy 3:1-5. Notice these apostates will “give” heed to false teaching, this implies they had the opportunity to keep correct teaching but “give” it away. So they know the truth but forfeit it and “depart from the faith.” They have their “conscience seared with a hot iron.” This happens to people the more they tell lies (“speaking lies in hypocrisy”) and allow themselves to believe lies and mistrust the Bible.

We learn that there is a “doctrine of demons” which must mean that Satan coaches his demons who have false beliefs and teachings (see James 3:15). C. S. Lewis has a book I recommend called The Screwtape Letters about an elder demon who coaches a younger one. We serve a God who knows all. It is pure foolishness to accept the “doctrine of demons” or listen to false teachers. By now you should know how to tell the difference between true and false teaching. It is matched up to the word of God: the Bible. 1 John 4:6 tells us, “We are from God; he who knows God listens to us; he who is not from God does not listen to us. By this we know the spirit of truth and the spirit of error.”

Paul gives us examples of some false teaching that was prominent in churches around Ephesus, where Timothy is at. The hypocritical church leaders had demanded that people not get married and were still holding to dietary laws. Not marrying was just trying to control the people (Source 1) but the focus of this section is on the food which is very similar to Peter’s epiphany that as a Christian you can eat whatever type of food you want (Acts 10:9-15, Devotional # 51).

vv.4-6. The Word of God and Prayer.

Now to the encouraging part! As we just talked about there was conflict about what types of food were OK to eat. The reason for this was that God had told the Israelites that there were certain animals they were to stay away from, but since Jesus came He broke down those barriers. Now people could eat as long as they were “thankful” for the provision. I like how Paul tucks in the being thankful and praying for the food. He doesn’t just say “all food is fine to eat” and move on, instead he makes sure that the heart is in the right place. In the same way as this was an extension for Peter accepting Gentiles, the church in Ephesus needed to learn this lesson. They were going to have to remove teachers who drove burdens and barriers into the church. If a Gentile or a Hebrew entered their church, that person should be accepted regardless of their heritage.

Paul encourages Timothy (which is the point of this letter) that if he instructs the brothers and sisters in this way then he will be considered “a good minister of Jesus Christ.” Is Paul just telling Timothy to blindly follow his instructions on food freedom? No, he is preparing him (and us) on what we just talked about from 1 John 4:6, here called: “words of faith and of the good doctrine.” We don’t need to fear teachers that have more charisma than biblical teaching. They stand on the “doctrine of demons” and we stand on “the good doctrine.” Notice it says “the good doctrine”, so there is one specific, correct Bible in which we base our foundation. It’s important to see the difference between the Holy Spirit’s prophecy, complete understanding and teaching of true doctrine, versus the demon’s lack of understanding and propagation of false teaching.


Conclusion. Today’s lesson was one that I find I need to hear as often as God brings it to my attention. We have a likelihood to listen to false teaching unless we’re grounded and rooted in correct, Biblically-based teaching. It’s so easy for us to be frustrated and debate others who call themselves Christians but have false beliefs. I would challenge you to consider your own thoughts first, is the teaching you are frustrated about really from the Bible? If so then you should be able to find it and see how it matches up to the rest of Scripture. If in fact it is something that is a false teaching and is driving division in a church, then it should be addressed. As much as the Bible tells us about staying unified through non-essentials it tells us to distance ourselves in perverted essentials (1 Timothy 1:18-20, Devotional # 196).



Source 1: Jamieson, Fausset & Brown,



Devotional # 201. 1 Timothy 3:14-16

Devotional # 201. 8/8/16. 1 Timothy 3:14-16.

Intro. Last week we studied the requirements for leadership in the church (1 Timothy 3:1-13, Devotional #200). This week Paul will remind us why we must obey those requirements. Because the Church is not ours, instead it is “God’s house.” When we say it is His “house” we don’t mean He is confined to a building, instead we, His people, are the Church. We can meet in a beautiful cathedral or a dirty basement and He will be with us. The point is that it is His church to guide and build. As we’ll see in verse 16 God is much greater than we can fathom, He really is the only one who can rule and decree what is right, what is wrong and how the Church should function.

v. 14. We are reminded that Paul is writing to Timothy, to instruct him in how to correct the church in Ephesus (see 1 Timothy 1:1-2, Devotional #192, for more). Do we look forward to seeing other believers? Paul says that he has “hope to come to you shortly.” We just got back from a missions trip to Hungary and there was excitement and anticipation for us being able to see our friends there. We look forward to building each other up and encouraging in the Word. You should have people like this. Seek out people to mentor you and seek out others for you to mentor.

v. 15. Paul knew from experience how he could be delayed. Sometimes it was from the needs of other churches and other times it was being imprisoned or put on trial. No matter the disruptions, Paul wanted Timothy to be aware of what was expected of the Church and of him personally. When it says, “conduct yourself in the house of God” we must consider that the church truly is God’s house. We may not like to hear that women are not supposed to be the head pastor in a church, or that a pastor or deacon is by God’s calling and gifting, or that they need to be tested (see 1 Timothy 3:1-13, Devotional #200). But our rights and “freedoms” and culture make us feel entitled to certain things. However, the truth is that this is God’s church and He will do as He pleases and it will be absolutely perfect. When we’ve experienced the goodness of leaning on “the pillar” and standing on “the ground” of God’s “truth”, our sense of entitlement fades. We attend “the church of the living God.” He is powerful and answers prayers and holds us accountable for what He has told us to do.

v. 16. Paul starts speaking about “the mystery of godliness.” He mentioned the “mystery of the faith” last week (1 Timothy 3:9, Devotional # 200). Before we look into “the mystery of godliness” we should note Paul says it is “without controversy.” This is interesting because the first line of the “mystery” is that Jesus is God; but every major cult that calls themselves “Christians” denies that Jesus is God. So what does “without controversy” mean? My first thought is that it is fundamental spiritual truth and therefore, if God has said it and He is it, it cannot be contradicted or refuted. Spurgeon makes a great point, “I suppose [Paul] means that there ought to be no controversy about these facts, though controversies have arisen concerning them, and always will, since the most self-evident truth will always find self-evident fools to contradict it” (Source 1). In short, Satan will work in people to try and pretend like Jesus isn’t God, but that doesn’t mean it’s really a contradiction.

Now that we understand that, let’s explore “the mystery of godliness”. It’s thought this may have been a song from the early church. Paul says:

God was manifested in the flesh,
Justified in the Spirit,
Seen by angels,
Preached among the Gentiles,
Believed on in the world,
Received up in glory


God was manifested in the flesh,” As mentioned above this is a very clear indication that Jesus is God since “the Word became flesh and dwelt among us” (John 1:14). It’s sad that people try and deny this because it really is the only way we can be saved. We need a Savior who has never sinned but who is perfect other than God? Beyond that, what amazing humility to live among us and save us when we didn’t deserve it!

Justified in the Spirit,” This could mean two things: first that “justified” means “vindicated” in which case the Holy Spirit vindicated Jesus (a truth found in Romans 1:4). Or “justified” can mean “righteous” which would mean this should be “spirit” with a lowercase “s” (therefore not the Holy Spirit), instead “indicating a declaration of Christ’s sinless spiritual righteousness (John 8:46, 2 Corinthians 5:21, etc.)” (Source 2).

Seen by angels,” This is in conjunction with the next phrase about Jesus being “preached among the Gentiles.” The point here is that good and bad angels got to see Jesus come down from heaven and dwell among us, which had never happened before (Sources 2 & 3). It’s not just the physical world that testifies of Jesus, the spiritual one does as well.

Preached among the Gentiles,” This reminds us that Jesus didn’t just come for Israelites but for everyone (“Gentiles” are anyone who is not Hebrew*). The great thing is that Jesus didn’t just come but that He was “preached among” them too. Everyone has the opportunity to hear of salvation.

Believed on in the world,” This is the very encouraging news that after Jesus had been “seen by angels” and had been “preached among the Gentiles” there were people who came to faith in Him. The goal of Jesus coming to save us and the aim of Him being preached is that people can make the choice to accept His salvation.

Received up in glory.” This is the perfect book-end to how this hymn started. It begins with Jesus going from heaven to earth (“God was manifested in the flesh”) and ends with Him leaving earth and returning to heaven (“received up in glory”).


*Gentiles-another way to translate this is “nations” which covers all people of all races.


Conclusion. In a section on Church leadership Paul gives us wonderful truths and advice, some in the form of a hymn. The fact that God has created rules for how He designed the church should be listened to because God designed salvation. We should be both telling others about Jesus’ amazing decent and life and ascent, and also leading the Church in a way that honors how God designed it because that ensures it will continue. We’re always one generation from losing the church. So be encouraged today that God has given us the model and power to do what we’re supposed to do, now let’s do it!



Source 1: Spurgeon, cited by David Guzik,

Source 2: John MacArthur, The MacArthur Study Bible, p. 1866.

Source 3: Fausset (of Jamieson, Fausset & Brown),

Devotional # 200. 1 Timothy 3:1-13

Devotional # 200. 8/1/16. 1 Timothy 3:1-13.

Intro. Today is special…we’re celebrating our 200th Devotional!! It’s been almost 4 years since we started and a fantastic experience! So last week we finished up 1 Timothy chapter 2 talking about men and women’s responsibilities in church (1 Timothy 2:6-15, Devotional #199). Paul will continue this train of thought in the very important section we’re covering today. We’re going to look at the requirements for leadership positions in the church.

First, we should ask why this matters to us now especially for a personal devotional. It matters because this is our God-given structure of the church, if someone isn’t doing this then they are disobeying God and we shouldn’t be taught by them. And, as if being focused on ourselves and what we get out of this section was the most important thing, we should focus on these leaders and pray for them.

Verses 1-7. Requirements for “Bishops”.

v. 1. We’re told that if a man wants to be a “bishop” it’s a good thing. Is this a bishop like in the Catholic Church? No, in the Greek it means “overseer” and sometimes is called an “elder” and sometimes a “pastor.” Why does Paul tells us it’s “a good work”? First, because it’s good to be used by God in the way He has gifted you. Second, because there are a lot of rules and self-control that can be a little difficult so we need to be reminded that it’s all worth it, and it’s a good thing.

v. 2. The first six things mentioned in this verse are self-explanatory but I think the next, “able to teach”, should be looked at. The office of an “elder” or “pastor” needs to be held by someone who has been gifted by God with being able to study the Bible and teach others. It doesn’t mean someone who can talk at people and it doesn’t mean they think they can teach. It means they can teach. The whole point is that others learn from that person because God has gifted them, it can’t be forced. This simply means that the teacher will receive positive feedback from those taught. It doesn’t mean the teacher will emotionally please everyone and it doesn’t mean the teacher won’t offend anyone. It means God’s word was illuminated by God, through this teacher. This can be applied in several ways, often churches have a main teaching pastor then some assistant pastors that teach Bible studies and counsel (another form of teaching). I used to go to a church that had six elders who rotated Sunday morning teaching responsibilities. It was a really cool way to hold everyone accountable without having one man get too much attention or responsibility.

v. 3. Of all of these important traits, for 2016, I’d like to focus on being “not greedy for money.” Unfortunately, over thousands of years (as well as now) the love of money has intrigued and dominated “overseers.” Many times they don’t start out this way but over time get “puffed up with pride” (v. 6) or become “covetous” (v. 3) or see how easy it is to take advantage of people or situations. We must be guarded against this. As a leader we must constantly be checking ourselves and as a congregation we need to be praying for the leaders.

vv. 4-5. These verses are a great reminder about what we talked about last week: God holds men accountable for their wives and children (1 Timothy 2:13, Devotional # 199). As I’ve been meditating on this verse this week I considered my wife’s role in my ministry. I could easily be disqualified from my responsibilities if she went off the deep end. On the positive side she’s always considerate to my needs of time and resources. She selflessly makes a way for me to study, or write or counsel. What a blessing a godly wife is!

v. 6. As we mentioned a minute ago, not being prideful is very important. Sometimes when people first become Christians they want to start teaching, but even if they have great intentions, they are still a “novice.” In the same way you don’t take ski lessons from a beginner and you don’t have a 10 year old teach driver’s ed, you wouldn’t have a new believer teach on the Bible. In fact, spiritual things are much more serious and important than anything else. When you’re a teacher you will be more strictly judged (James 3:1) and you have a weight of responsibility and hard decisions that can only come with time in the Word and experience.

v. 7. Verse 6 compared the “pride” we just talked about with Satan’s pride, which was his first mistake and sin. Pride takes credit for the things God has done. How can a Spirit-filled believer do that? And how does that look to those “outside” the church – the non-Christians? A difficult thing for me when I became a pastor was knowing the right amount of “self-consciousness” I should have. I had grown up not caring what others thought of me, and a certain amount of that must carry over, you can’t please everyone and as a Christian living out the faith you will get mocked. But I also had to develop an awareness of how I was presenting myself and the church to other Christians but also non-Christians. We truly have the hope of salvation but human pride and fighting and greed will deter people from beginning a relationship with Jesus.

Verses 8-13. Requirements for “Deacons”.

vv. 8-9. The word “deacon” means “servant” and so is characterized by someone who sees a need and fixes it. The best way to understand this is by reading Acts 6:1-6 where apostles were too busy for daily tasks so they delegated the tasks to others. Many of the qualifications of a deacon are the same or similar to that of bishops (one difference is that they don’t teach). What does “holding the mystery of the faith” mean? A deacon holds the mystery of faith because people will ask why you serve and you can articulate that it is the love of Christ.

v. 10. In the same way a bishop couldn’t be a “novice” (v. 6), a deacon must “first be tested” to prove that they can be trusted. When they have proven themselves then they can be given more responsibility.

vv. 11-12. The beginning of this verse is literally “likewise wives reverent…” Its debated whether this is referring to male deacon’s wives or to female deacon’s (deaconesses). I personally believe that women can fill the role of deacon, although I don’t think this is where that is proved*. It is proved in Romans 16:1 were Phoebe is called a deaconess.

v. 13. Paul has flipped his model from bishops where he started by saying it was a “good work” (v. 1), now he completes this section on deacons by talking about it being a good thing. Deacons were told how to begin (by being “tested” then, once they pass, allowing them to serve – v. 10) now we’re told what the benefits of being a good deacon is. A good deacon will have two things: 1. “a good standing” and 2. “great boldness in the faith.” A “good standing” means “a well-grounded hopeof salvation” (Source 1). And a “great boldness in the faith” is a faith only in “Christ Jesus.” So let’s look at what the Scripture give us. In places like Matthew 20:28 and Mark 10:45 we’re taught to imitate Jesus. If Jesus’ life could be summarized by two words they would be “loving servitude.” A deacon displays that constantly, and it gives them a “boldness” to share Jesus with others – in word and in action. In Acts 6:1-8 Stephen waits tables and becomes a huge witness by being martyred. Stephen’s boldness was given by Jesus and trained into him by being a servant deacon.

Where is your gift? I would never try and apply “deacon-giftedness” to every Christian (or “bishop-giftedness” for that matter). But for those of you called to be deacons, yet you haven’t answered, I challenge you to submit to God’s calling and allow yourself to be “tested.” For those who are faithfully serving as deacons, stay steadfast in “good standing” and “great boldness in the faith which is in Christ Jesus.” (If you need ideas on how to be a deacon in 2016 read this).For those not called to be a deacon, you certainly have been given at least one spiritual gift from God, so use it! He will guide you, He will make you strong, remember He’ll never give you more than you can handle (1 Corinthians 10:13). Trust Him!

*Deaconess– In my opinion, by the context, it makes the most sense that this refers to the requirements of a male deacon’s wife (like verse 12). However, MacArthur believes this refers to deaconesses because “the use of the word ‘likewise’ as an introduction (cf. v. 8) suggests a third group in addition to elders and deacons. Also, since Paul gave no requirements for elders’ wives, there is no reason to assume these would be qualifications for deacons’ wives” (Source 3). Although I agree with MacArthur’s first point (“likewise“), I disagree with his second point since the very next thing that Paul talks about is that a deacon is supposed to have “one wife” (v. 12) and just as he did for elders (v. 4) he continues to talk about what deacons families should be like. Beyond that, although it’s not as trustworthy as an inspired writer, the translators of the New King James agreed with me (“likewise, their wives must be reverent…”). For more read this.

Conclusion. I like what Guzik says about the differences between “bishops” and “deacons.” It would be easy to say that one is more important than the other but that’s incorrect. “It is a mistake to see one office as more prestigious than the other, though bishops have more responsibility before God. Each is more a matter of calling than status” (Source 2). As you consider the things we’ve read today prayerfully think about roles that desperately need to be filled in your church. Now you have a biblical basis for understanding how God calls servant-leaders.



Source 1: Fausset (of Jamieson, Fausset & Brown),
Source 2: David Guzik,

Source 3: John MacArthur, The MacArthur Study Bible, p. 1865.

Devotional # 199. 1 Timothy 2:6-15

Devotional # 199. 7/25/16. 1 Timothy 2:6-15.


Intro. Last week we talked about the reason Christians have hope and how Jesus was the one and only Mediator between our sin and God (Devotional # 198). This week we’re going to talk about men and women’s roles in church services.

v. 6-7. We’re talking about “the Man Christ Jesus” (v. 5) and that He gave Himself as a “ransom.” Basically Jesus traded His freedom for our freedom. The best part is that it was “for all.” Jesus was impartial when He died on the cross “for all” people, “for all” time.

Paul tells us he was appointed as “a preacher and an apostle” and “a teacher of the Gentiles.” We know the fuller story from Acts 13:2, 42-52. Paul reassures us that this is true, promising by the highest authority and greatest testimony – Jesus Christ!

Verses 8-15. Men and Women’s Conduct in the Church
The next section is on men and women’s responsibilities within the Church. As with anything in the Bible we must understand this in the context of the time period and the church this was written to. When Paul uses words like “every” and “all” it applies to all churches but if he becomes more detailed he is usually referring to a specific problem.

v. 8. Men Leading Prayer

When Paul says for men to pray “everywhere” he means in “every” church. Not that they should have their hands raised wherever they go. Regarding their hands being lifted – this was a common custom of that culture and time while praying (1 Kings 8:22; Psalm 28:2, 63:4, 134:2). There is nothing magical about it but it does give the reminder of humility for the person praying.

vv. 9-10. Ladies of the Congregation’s Modesty

Guzik gives us a great first impression of these verses: “Women should emphasize spiritual preparation and beauty more than physical preparation and beauty” (Source 1). Many people like the idea of taking the focus off of physical appearance but many Americans don’t want anyone to tell them how to dress or act. In the church we need to get rid of our pride and cultural rights if they conflict with God’s commands. Here Paul says that Christian ladies should dress in “modest apparel“, which is explained as “modesty and self-control” (ESV). Much like the mature believer who recognizes that although they have freedom in Christ, they shouldn’t always use it if it stumbles other believers or confuses non-Christians (Romans 14).

The next part needs to be understood in cultural context: “not with braided hair or gold or pearls or costly clothing.” It’s very clear what Paul means: at the time of writing this, all of these things (braided hair, gold, etc.) were viewed as ungodly and incorrect action. This was because rich women’s would use these things to draw attention to themselves and their wealth and status. Church is supposed to welcome everyone not be just another reminder of how rich or poor a person is.  “How you dress reflects your heart…The most important adornment is good works. If a woman is dressed in propriety and moderation, with good works, she is perfectly dressed. Good works make a woman more beautiful than good jewelry” (Source 1).

vv. 11-15. Ladies Role in the Church Service

Paul talks about ladies being quiet and not being in authority over men. Paul first directs our attention to Adam and Eve. God’s original creation was to have husband and wife submit to Him and to hold the man responsible and to have the wife help the man (Genesis 2:18, 1 Corinthians 11:8, 9). Secondly, the Fall and the curse that came from Eve’s disobedience were used by God. When Eve left Adam’s leadership and protection, she sinned. Likewise, Adam “violated his leadership role” when he followed Eve, so women’s curse is to want to usurp man’s authority (Genesis 3:16) (Source 2). As we’ve talked about in the past, God hold’s men responsible for what happens in their households, not women (Romans 5:12-21; 1 Corinthians 15:21, 22). Here God holds men responsible for teaching in the church. Let’s look at teaching a little more.

In the cultures of the Bible women were always looked at as inferior to men. In every command and situation in the Bible God consistently gives women more rights and fair dealings then the surrounding cultures. This case is no different. Notice that the Church is told to “let a woman learn” (v. 11) which was completely unheard of in this day and time. Paul was saying women had just as much right to an education in the Scriptures as any man did. If we couple this with the context of the Ephesian church that Paul is instructing Timothy for, it is possible that some of the ladies were taking advantage of this freedom and trying to gain teaching roles within the church. This doesn’t mean women can’t be leaders and don’t have much to offer. I think of the story of Lydia in Acts 16:14-15 and also in our own church where many women have important insight that men sometimes miss. Just as in marriage, men and women should work together in a church to keep it working for God’s glory. So here, Paul was making sure the divine structure remained intact. Remember men are held responsible for the spiritual health of the church.

Lastly, what does Paul mean by “nevertheless she will be saved in childbearing if they continue in faith, love, and holiness, with self-control”? It is clear in the Hebrew this is talking about the women that come after Eve. The word “saved” here doesn’t mean “salvation” instead it means to remove the stigma of being the same gender known for bringing sin into the world. What can ladies do to remove the stigma? They can train up godly kids. Because mothers by nature are more nurturing and generally spend more time with kids then father’s do, they are able to train up their kids in the Lord. How will they be equipped to train up these kids? They must “continue in faith, love, and holiness, with self-control.” This is a great way for Paul to book-end his point on modesty and self-control.

Conclusion. The first part of our Devotional today focused on how Jesus died to save “all” people and that is especially meaningful to us in a study that could have initially seemed condescending towards women. God chose a women to carry the baby Savior, Jesus chose the woman at the well to explain He was God and He chose women to be the first witnesses of His resurrection. God has set up the institutions of marriage and family and the church in a specific way. He holds us accountable for what He has said and what we know. I encourage you to put aside your cultural norms and instead meditate on God’s knowledge and goodness. If you follow His commands your life and church will be blessed!



Source 1: David Guzik:

Source 2: John MacArthur, The MacArthur Study Bible, p. 1864.